Vietnam adopted ‘The National Strategy on Gender Equality’ for the 2021-2030 period with an aim to foster Vietnam’s gender equality and women entrepreneurship within this period. Despite progress in narrowing the gender gap recently, Vietnam still faces challenges considering deep-rooted gender stereotypes and a ‘gendered structure’ economy. The Vietnamese government has made it a priority to increase the participation of women in the workplace. To help facilitate these goals and encourage women entrepreneurship is the central to this strategy.
The plan also defines specific goals for Vietnam to promote gender equality in various areas, part of Vietnam’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by the UN. Some of the goals of the National Strategy on Gender Equality include:
• The rate of female directors or owners of businesses is expected to reach at least 27 percent by 2025 and 30 percent by 2030.
• The average time women spend doing unpaid housework will be reduced by 1.7 times by 2025 and 1.4 times by 2030 compared to that of men.
• By 2025, 80 percent of women suffering from domestic and gender-based violence will be given access to at least one of the basic support services, and 90 percent by 2030.
• The sex ratio at birth will be 111 boys per 100 girls by 2025 and 109 boys per 100 girls by 2030. The maternal mortality rate will drop to 42 per 100,000 live births by 2025 and below 42 per 100.000 live births by 2030.
• Gender and gender equality will be integrated into the curriculums at schools and pedagogical universities from 2025.
It was also proposed that the government give US$88 to COVID-19 infected pregnant women and women giving birth during the pandemic and US$45 to female medical workers and students participating in the fight against COVID-19. The government also implemented flexible online training programs on digital technology for women-owned SMEs and has provided financial and non-financial services to vulnerable women.
Vietnam’s investment climate for women is generally supportive. The Law on Support to SMEs (2017) outlined preferential measures for women-owned SMEs, specifically, in cases where SMEs are eligible for state support, priority should be given to women-owned SMEs or SMEs employing more women. In September 2019, the government issued Circular 5 on training incentives for women-owned SMEs. The strategy is expected to help Vietnam better achieve its national targets for women’s entrepreneurship, shaping a more sustainable and inclusive economy and society.
Ten years ago, it was the first time Vietnam prepared and developed its first remarkable National Strategy on Gender Equality (NSGE) that defined the direction and priorities to promote gender equality in the period 2011-2020. During the years of implementation of the NSGE, Vietnam has been one of the countries in the Asia-Pacific that has made a lot of changes and progress on gender equality in many socio-economic fields. The NSGE is an important part of Viet Nam’s socio-economic development strategy and serves as foundation of the human resource development strategy of the leading Communist Party and the State.
Vietnam expects to see women holding key leadership positions in 60 percent of state management agencies and local administrations at all levels by 2025 and 75 percent by 2030. The rate of female directors or owners of businesses is expected to reach at least 27 percent by 2025 and 30 percent by 2030. The country also aims to reduce the average time women spend on doing the unpaid housework to 1.7 times by 2025 and 1.4 times by 2030 as compared to that of men.
By 2025, 80 percent of women suffering from domestic and gender-based violence will be given access to at least one of the basic support services, and the figure is expected to reach 90 percent by 2030. Gender and gender equality are planned to be integrated into curriculum at schools and pedagogical universities from 2025.
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