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Viet Nam and ILO sign Decent Work Country Program 2022-2026

Viet Nam has achieved considerable economic and social development in recent decades. An important aspect of this development is to better ensure more opportunities for more women and men in Viet Nam to enjoy decent work and sustainable development particularly those from vulnerable groups. In this respect, Vietnam took a major step when it signed the Decent Work Country Program (DWCP) 2022-2026 with the International Labour Organisation (ILO) on March 28, 2023. The MoU on the program was signed by Minister of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs Dao Ngoc Dung, President of the Viet Nam General Confederation of Labour (VGCL) Nguyen Dinh Khang, Chairman of the Viet Nam Chamber of Commerce and Industry (VCCI) Pham Tan Cong, President of the Viet Nam Cooperative Alliance (VCA) Nguyen Ngoc Bao, and ILO Country Director for Viet Nam Ingrid Christensen.

A DWCP is a results-based framework for ILO action. It is a governance document that has two major objectives – to promote decent work as a key component of national development strategies and to organise ILO knowledge, instruments, advocacy, and cooperation at the service of tripartite constituents in a results-based framework to advance the Decent Work Agenda within the fields of comparative advantage of the Organization.

The DWCP 2022-2026 sets out three priorities and the priorities respective outcomes which describe the results sought in these priorities. The first priority is that by 2026, people in Viet Nam, especially those at risk of being left behind, will contribute to and benefit equitably from sustainable, inclusive and gender-responsive economic transformation based on innovation, entrepreneurship, enhanced productivity, competitiveness, and decent work. The three country outcomes under this priority are: 1) National capacities are strengthened to formulate and implement evidence-based policies and strategies, and enhance enabling ecosystems for inclusive, transformative, and sustainable agriculture, industry, and service sectors for decent work. 2) Sustainable, inclusive, and responsible business models and practices including MSME’s, and cooperatives are promoted to increase productivity, trade development and innovation, and improve working conditions and compliance, with special focus on economic empowerment of the poor, ethnic minorities, and women. 3) The education system in Viet Nam provides gender-responsive, equitable, climate resilient, quality education and learning, which will equip all children, adolescents, youth, and adults with relevant learning, and life, transferrable and digital skills, including during emergencies.

The second priority is that by 2026, people in Viet Nam, especially the poor and those at risk of being left behind, will benefit from inclusive, gender responsive, disability-sensitive, equitable, affordable, and quality social services and social protection systems, will have moved further out of poverty in all its dimensions and will be empowered to reach their full potential. The outcomes under this priority are : 1) The national social protection and social care system are inclusive, coherent, and integrated, applying life cycle, risk informed, resilient and gender responsive approaches with a focus on meeting the needs of the most vulnerable people. 2) Socio-cultural attitudes and practices, accountability, and legal and policy frameworks are transformed to eliminate gender-based violence and all forms of abuse, exploitation, and discrimination against vulnerable groups. 3) Occupational safety and health is enhanced through the building of a preventative safety and health culture and improved compliance.

The third priority area is that by 2026, people in Viet Nam, especially those at risk of being left behind, will benefit from and contribute to a more just, safe and inclusive society based on improved governance, more responsive institutions, strengthened rule of law and the protection of and respect for human rights, gender equality and freedom from all forms of violence and discrimination, in line with Viet Nam’s international commitments. The outcomes under this priority area are:1) Reformed labour market institutions are used for improving labour standards for all types of workers and formalising informal employment. 2) National institutions and systems are enhanced to strengthen the rule of law, expand access to justice and combat discrimination with a focus on vulnerable groups and in a child, youth, and gender sensitive manner in line with international human rights norms and standards. 3) National legislation, policies and agencies are strengthened to prevent and address trafficking in persons, migrant smuggling and equitable access to protection systems is ensured for victims, witnesses, and other vulnerable groups, especially migrants, women, and children. 4) Social dialogue and dispute resolution mechanisms are strengthened to improve governance of the labour market, workers’ rights, and industrial relations.


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