The General Secretariat for Development Planning of the State of Qatar launched the Qatar National Vision (QNV) 2030 development plan in October 2008. By 2030, QNV 2030 aims to turn Qatar into an advanced society capable of sustainable growth. Economic, social, human, and environmental development are the four key pillars of the plan’s development goals. The government is working to achieve development goals by establishing a solid bureaucratic framework and putting in place policies to solve the issues raised in human development reports.
The policies outlined in Qatar National Vision 2030 are designed to address issues raised in earlier human development reports produced by the General Secretariat for Development Planning. The first human development report was published in 2006, and it emphasized the country’s potential challenges and downfalls if left uncontrolled. Long-term demographic imbalances and cultural heritage loss were among the challenges.
Qatar’s National Vision focuses on the country’s long-term goals rather than the processes that will lead to those goals. It provides a framework for the development of national policies and execution plans. By 2030, the National Vision aspires to develop Qatar into an advanced country capable of maintaining its own development and ensuring a high standard of life for all of its citizens for future generations. Qatar must manage five huge hurdles in order to stay true to its values: The needs of the current generation, as well as future generations, modernization and tradition preservation, controlled growth and uncontrolled expansion, the number and quality of the expatriate labour force, as well as the development path chosen, Economic development, social development, and environmental management, are all important.
The National Vision of Qatar is based on the Permanent Constitution’s Guiding Principles and the directives of Their Highnesses the Emir, Heir Apparent, and Sheikha Mozah, as well as thorough consultation with government agencies and local and international specialists.
The National Vision is based on a society that values fairness, generosity, and equality. The Permanent Constitution’s ideas are embodied in the Vision, which preserves public and personal freedoms, promotes moral and religious values and traditions, and ensures security, stability, and equal opportunity. The Qatar National Vision is made up of four pillars. The first pillar is human development which entails the development of all of the country’s people in order for them to be able to sustain a flourishing society. Qatar’s development has been largely dependent on the extraction of its oil and gas reserves. However, the country’s hydrocarbon reserves will deplete over time. The ability of the Qatari people to deal with a new international order that is knowledge-based and fiercely competitive will become increasingly important in the future. Qatar is addressing the problem by building superior educational and health institutions, as well as enhancing the effective participation of Qataris in the labour sector. Qatar will also continue to expand its labour force by luring competent expatriates in all industries.
The second pillar is social development. The State of Qatar aspires to advance and develop its society’s social dimensions by nurturing Qatari citizens who are capable of dealing effectively and flexibly with the demands of the age in which they live, as well as by preserving a strong and cohesive family that receives support, care, and social protection. Women will have a more important role in all aspects of life, particularly in economic and political decision-making.
The third pillar is economic development. A vibrant Qatari economy is a bedrock upon which future economic development and improved living standards will be built. Long-term success necessitates prudent management of finite resources to ensure that future generations inherit sufficient resources to fulfill their ambitions. This management must ensure optimal resource usage and strike a balance between reserves and production, as well as economic diversification and non-renewable hydrocarbon resource depletion.
The fourth pillar is environmental development. Qatar strives to conserve and defend its unique ecosystem, as well as to nurture the abundant natural resources it has. As a result, the development will be carried out responsibly and respectfully, balancing the demands of economic expansion and social development with environmental protection requirements.
On December 2, 2010, Qatar, an exotic outsider, won the bid for the 2022 FIFA World Cup, making it the first Middle Eastern country to hold the global festival of this ‘royal football league.’ Qataris have great expectations for the event, as well as ambitious goals for their country’s development in the years leading up to 2022 and beyond. Since the current Amir, Shaikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani, came to power in 1995, he has gradually implemented neoliberal policies to develop a knowledge-based economy. These initiatives are taking place as part of Qatar’s National Vision 2030, a strategy for the country’s economic, social, human, and environmental development over the next two decades.
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