Having laid its foundation, the Non-Aligned Movement has proven itself to be a boon for its Member States. It was formulated to encourage peace within the developing countries and promote economic stability and adequacy among its Member States. Over the years, the body enlarged its area of focus from essential political issues to the endorsement of solutions to global, economic and other issues. The foundation firmly believes in the concept of multilateralism and accordingly emphasizes the earnest efforts to be made by its Member States to maintain the decorum and the idea which highlights the existence of the body.
Aiming for the uninterrupted growth of the nations, NAM emphasises over a technology-driven system for ease of doing things in terms of easy and fast accessibility of services and administrative authorities to bring relief in developing countries like India and other Member States that constitute NAM. The Member States have been initiating efforts to boost up their economies with the advancement of time. One such effort that queues up is the initiative towards e-governance. The term is held to be promisable in relatable terms as it helps carrying out governance and enables public avail its benefits as well.
E-governance defines itself as the administration of government services and information to the public while making use of the electronic means often referred to as Information Technology or IT. Also, the term is associated with the process through which a society navigates itself.
The establishment of Department of Electronics in 1970 followed by another evolution in the sector with National Informatics Centre (NIC) coming up in 1977 brought ‘information’ and its communication in focus to capture the success of the economy. However, the launch of NICNET-the national satellite based computer network in 1987 revolutionised the concept of e-governance in India.
India along with other NAM Member States and with its earnest efforts has to the date modified its working criterions in administering its citizens. Making e-governance a matter of success, the interactions between the state, private enterprises and civil society are being increasingly assimilated and amended through the influence of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs).
The concept of e-governance in India has devotedly evolved from computerisation of the government departments to initiatives that encase the finer points of good governance such as citizen centricity, service orientation and transparency. With its sincere efforts to promote e-governance, India has managed to make its citizens accessible of e-services ranging over the domains like transportation, education, health care, telecommunication and a lot more.
The use of internet by civil society and NGOs, the increasing electronic delivery of government and commercial service and information, the liberalisation of telecommunication markets and shift towards web-enabled mobile telephony and digital television have loudly advocated the facilitation of this evolution. These steps taken by the government of India have proven to be highly instrumental in bringing the revolution of e-governance in India.
E-governance in the NAM Member States has witnessed rapid growth over the past 17 years since the first attempt of United Nations (UN) in 2001 to set a touchstone for the state of e-governance. With an aim to make the reach of the government efficient, vast and responsive, e-governance with the nations’ remarkable efforts is breaking all the stereotypes. From taking into account the use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) for elections, census and computerisation of all the government offices to digital lockers, e-Kranti portals and e-sewa Kendras, the new India has laid the foundations in the world of e-governance. The Unique Identification Authority of India, the central government wing assigning a 12-digit-code – the Aadhaar number to every Indian citizen has added more to the substantial efforts of the country towards e-governance. In lieu of Digital India, the country is gushing towards the reign of change and revolution. The governments in the Member States of NAM are pushing hard and making concerted efforts to situate information and technology in their operations. In the United Nation E-Government Survey 2018 India has for the first time made it into top 100 among the 193 countries accessed. It has been positioned at 96th rank for its remarkable performance in development and execution of Information Technologies, levelling up from 107th rank in 2016 and 118th position in 2014.
To enter the era of progression, of modernisation, of technological advancements and of prolonged growth and development, NAM brings into focus the cooperative and collaborative efforts of its Member States simultaneously working towards preventing malfunctioning in the ongoing processes.