The Member States of Non-Aligned Movement are committed to achieving sustainable development in an integrated and balanced manner of its three pillars: economic development, including sustained and inclusive growth, social development and protection of the environment. NAM Member States accord a high priority to the Paris Agreement on climate change, adopted under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC) and are firm in their conviction that the aforementioned Agreement constitutes the broadest consensus of the international community to face climate change.
Nigeria, a prominent African Member State of the NAM and Africa’s largest economy and second highest emitter, has time and again reiterated the country’s commitment to the Paris Agreement. Nigeria signed the Paris Agreement in September 2016 and ratified it in March 2017, and thus committed to reducing its Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. In its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), the country pledged an unconditional 20% reduction on Business as Usual (BAU) emissions by 2030, and a 45% conditional commitment which could be achieved with financial assistance, technology transfer and capacity building. This shows a strong national commitment to be part of the international effort to achieve the long-term temperature goal set by the Paris Agreement of “holding the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels and pursuing efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels.
On 30 July 2021, Nigeria updated its commitments to the Paris Agreement. In December 2021, Nigeria formally published the 2050 Long-Term Vision for Nigeria (LTV-2050) as a ademonstration of the nation’s commitment to play a leading role in the implementation of the Paris Agreement. The LTV-2050 states that by 2050, Nigeria will be a country of low-carbon, climate-resilient, high growth circular economy that reduces its current level of emissions by 50%, moving towards having net-zero emissions across all sectors of its development in a gender-responsive manner.
The process for the development of the LTV Vision for Nigeria involves the adoption of a number of guiding principles. They are as following: 1) As part of a country-driven and country-specific climate change interventions and responses, Nigeria will think globally but act locally; 2) There will be a thrust on building sustainable and resilient economy and social development with adequate adaptation response; 3) Effective citizenship participation is the key to creating a sustainable environment for industrial development and fostering future growth; 4) The transformation of Nigeria towards a low carbon, climate resilient society will take place within a broad consensus among various stakeholders, including policymakers, private sector, civil society, academia, and local communities; 5) Nigeria will focus on the identification of low-carbon transition enabling activities; 6) Environmental quality and ecological equilibrium will be promoted by moving away from linear economy (fossil fuel based production, distribution, and consumption patterns) to circular economy that will ultimately enable people to achieve universal goals for environment and health; 7) As part of ensuring transparency, Government will inform the people of the detailed costs to be incurred from this transition as well as the benefits of climate action in a transparent manner, as well as ensuring that the costs of implementation are borne in a fair and equitable manner by all members of the Nigerian society; 8) Government will put in place robust national monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) system to monitor, evaluate and report on each stage of the transition; 9) Meeting urgent climate action of changing world requires bilateral and multilateral cooperation; 10) Policy coordination will ensure multisectoral coordination; and 11) Good Governance is the bedrock of economic, political, and environmental sustainability.
For the Agriculture sector, the LTV-2050 envisages that by 2050, sustainable land use and climate-smart agriculture (including livestock and fisheries) practices are adopted by all large-scale farmers and more than 75% of smallholder farmers, while forestry management practices are in line with the global mechanism of reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation. For the energy sector, the objective is to decarbonize the energy sector by halving emissions in the sector relative to current levels and increasing the contribution of renewables to the country’s energy mix by 50% with a view of achieving net-zero carbon emission by the end of the century. The country’s vision for the water sector is to minimize the impact of climate change on the sector, improve energy efficiency and increase the sector’s resilience for sustainable water development, through strategic mitigation and adaptation options. The vision for the industry sector is that by 2050 Nigeria will have a low carbon industrial sector with enhanced energy efficiency that seizes the opportunities that come with global transition towards climate resilience and circular economy. For the oil and gas sector, the objective is to reduce carbon emission from Nigeria’s oil and gas value chains by 50% of its current level by 2050 and transit to net zero-emission by the end of the Century.
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