Migration has never restricted its impact on a local scale but has advanced to be a global phenomenon. The reasons for people being compelled to move out of the comfort zone of their own home-country and transit through unfamiliar routes to a totally alien land have never been singular. A complex web of multiplicity of whys and wherefores are responsible for approximately 250 million people in contemporary times living elsewhere from the nation of their birth. Migration have never been a neutral term and entailed in its use several political and social implications of international concerns.
When viewed in the romantic context, travel and displacement to some might seem enabling and empowering but on a reality check, most of the migrant populace have seen the adverse face of it and experienced the worst of traumatic experience away from their land. Forced migration has been far from new to world but the augmented level of its scale, magnitude and intricacy have added to the multifaceted implication to the globe.
The arena of migrants has increased to include refugees, environmentally displaced people, development displaced people, smuggled and trafficked people, coercively displaced people and economic migrants. They are one of the most marginalized section of the world and vulnerable to human rights violations and adversities.
Ever since its formation, Non-Aligned Movement has passionately promoted and functioned for uprooting the evils of such atrocities that challenge the humane existence of any individual or group. Irrespective of their geographical or political location and situation, NAM has tried to safeguard the basic rights of the migrants, promote their status, and provide them legal and social safety, particularly paying attention to the needs of those who being the most marginalized are jeopardised of human rights violations.
NAM has urged the Member States to promote multilateral approaches to find a global solution of this issue through increased cooperation. The exponential increase in the inequalities at all levels forces millions of people to pay a heavy price on account of the unjust developmental models across the globe. NAM has urged the international community to withdraw the coercive weapon of exclusion, marginalization and socio-economic isolation so as to adopt a holistic framework of development that focuses on integrating the economic, environmental, socio-political and cultural aspects of development that will try to fill the inherent gaps between the citizen of a country and its marginalized migrants.
NAM initiates to create an environ that will respect the dignity and integrity of the migrants and supports it by keeping an eye to ensure that global laws of human rights don’t lose its lustre on real grounds. The recent rigid immigration rules and deportment news coming from developed nations and the member nations have urged NAM to insist the countries to tone down their cruel practices that limits the free movement of people, augmenting the feeling of chauvinism and insecurity.
NAM has reiterated the universality of human rights and has also urged nations to become an important part of the Convention on the “Protection of the Rights of all Migrant Workers” which emphasizes the connection between migration and human rights, which is increasingly becoming a crucial policy topic worldwide. The Convention aims at protecting migrant workers and members of their families; its existence sets a moral standard, and serves as a guide and stimulus for the promotion of migrant rights in each country.
NAM also holds its position to promote various international laws framed- though neglected on a large scale and reminds the globe to be one integrated whole- respecting and representing the rights of all irrespective of the ethnic or economic backdrop.
The vision of NAM has been to integrate the Member States to put together the dots of equality, fraternity, development and respect for human rights and freedom; and complete the picture of global peace and development.