Non-Aligned Movement has always extended its support for Africa’s developmental needs and as such has supported specific programs aimed at realizing these objectives. One such important development program is Program for Infrastructure Development for Africa (PIDA).
The Programme for Infrastructure Development in Africa, developed by the African Union Commission (AUC), NEPAD Agency, African Development Bank (AfDB), United Nations Economic United Nations Commission for Africa (UNECA) and the Regional Economic Communities, promotes regional economic integration through building mutually beneficial infrastructure, strengthening the abilities of countries to trade and establishing regional value chains for increased competitiveness. The 51 PIDA Priority Action Plan (PAP) programmes and projects are spread across the four sectors of Energy, Transport, Information & Communication Technology (ICT) and Trans-Boundary Water.
There are a number of initiatives that facilitate the implementation of PIDA. Service Delivery Mechanism (SDM) is an instrument that tackles the lack of technical and financial capacity during the project preparation phase via technical advisory, in order to give initial momentum to PIDA projects to be tunnelled through the project preparation cycle.
The SDM’s core mission is to make Africa’s cross-border infrastructure projects technically sound, economically feasible and politically acceptable.
Renewable Energy Access Project (REAP) is another initiative under PIDA. NAM Member States in Africa have undertaken many projects in accordance with REAP. Gambia identified a 6 MW Wind Project as priority. In Kenya, Geothermal Development Company (GDC) formally requested financial support to complete the feasibility study of the 100MW Paka Geothermal project. Tanzania has requested to fund the feasibility study of 150 MW Solar farm project in Kishapu-Shinyanga.
Lesotho has focused on Senqu Multipurpose Dam Project. The Project consists of a dam, hydropower station, water treatment plant, water pipeline and a booster station to Quthing town, major villages and an off-take for commercial irrigation. The Project consists of a 60 M high asphalt core rockfill dam on the Senqu River, a hydropower station of 120MW capacity, water treatment plant of 15 Mm3/a capacity, adequate until 2047 for Quthing and major villages and an off-take of a pipeline towards irrigation of vast arable land in the vicinity of the project. Rwanda has focused on energy efficiency and has recommended energy audits for three high energy consumption industries namely the Cement Industry, Steel Industry and Water Sector. All three will be done through a collaborative effort.
Another major initiative under PIDA is the One Stop Border Post (OSBP), a joint flagship for trade facilitation. Since establishment of the first OSBP at Chirundu between Zimbabwe and Zambia in 2009, the concept and development of OSBPs have expanded rapidly as one of the major tools to tackle impediments to African trade growth, including recently operationalized Rusumo OSBP between Rwanda and Tanzania. There are around 80 OSBPs in various stages of implementation, while a small group of them are still operational.
The PIDA Capacity Building Project (PIDA CAP) was conceived develop the capacities of member states to effectively navigate the myriad of issues impeding the successful implementation of PIDA. PIDA CAP approach is one that seeks to ensure that sustained capacity is located at the right place to provide Technical Advisory support. PIDA CAP has supported many projects. For example, PIDA CAP has supported acceleration of projects in the Central Corridor, Beira Development Corridor, the North-South Corridor and the Dakar-Abidjan-Lagos Multimodal Corridor.
Infrastructure Skills for Development (IS4D) is a short, work-based, action learning program designed to equip professionals working in infrastructure related public sector agencies with the project management competencies required to initiate and oversee key infrastructure projects, especially the Priority Action Projects (PAPs) that form part of the Programme for Infrastructure Development in Africa (PIDA).
NAM Member States in Africa are working to ensure that there is full realization of the objectives underlined in PIDA.