Since its inception, Non-Aligned Movement has reaffirmed that the United Nations, its Charter, and the international law remain indispensable tools for the preservation and maintenance of international peace and security and the strengthening of international cooperation. The Movement has reiterated its commitment to promoting, preserving and strengthening multilateralism and the multilateral decision-making process through the UN, by strictly adhering to its Charter and international law, with the aim of creating a just and equitable world order and global democratic governance. NAM Member States once again reiterated their principled position on the subject during the 8262nd Meeting of the UN Security Council held on 17 May 2018. The theme of the meeting was maintenance of international peace and security.
Venezuela, speaking on behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement, said that NAM was a peace‑loving and conflict‑averse body, supporting efforts to maintain peace and security. International law must be defended and upheld always, and when violations occurred, perpetrators must be held accountable. Otherwise, impunity would only encourage perpetrators to continue to commit crimes. Venezuela also called for strengthening the role of the United Nations in the peaceful resolution of disputes. Speaking on behalf of NAM, Venezuela also commended the role of the International Court of Justice and urged the Security Council to make greater use of it and consider having its decisions examined by the Court.
Vietnam, associating itself with the NAM statement, highlighted the significance of international law in preserving rules‑based global order and called on the Security Council to uphold and promote compliance under international law. The statement by Vietnam further added that the UN Charter recognized States’ responsibility for resolving disputes in accordance with international law, thus highlighting the importance of international judicial institutions.
Kenya associating itself with the Non‑Aligned Movement, emphasized that strengthening respect for international obligations was critical for the maintenance of international peace and security, and in that context, there should be fairness, uniformity and consistency in the application of international law by the Security Council. It should improve respect for international law without undermining national ownership and sovereignty. Kenya underscored the need to balance support for national efforts while also addressing impunity and violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law.
Sri Lanka stressed upon the achievement of a global consensus for the efficacy of international law in preserving international peace and security. Sri Lanka highlighted that international law protected all States, especially developing countries, from the harshness of an empirically unequal world. Rule of law was not a concept that could be externally enforced nor could it conform to an external prescription that ignored domestic realities.
Bolivia expressed concerns at the regular breach of international law. Bolivia’s representative at the meeting called on the Security Council to prioritize dialogue rather than interventionism, and use of mediation, reconciliation and legal arrangements to solve disputes. Bolivia noted that UN Charter’s Chapters VI and VIII were essential for analysing conflicts. The International Court of Justice played a paramount role in peaceful dispute resolution and its universal jurisdiction had been developed over 71 years. The country stressed that the Security Council must use all tools offered by the Charter, including referral for advisory opinions.
Ethiopia remarked that rules‑based global order was the foundation for the promotion and maintenance of international peace and security as well as for fostering friendly relations and cooperation among States. The country called for strict adherence to international law and further said that non-compliance with international law could lead to catastrophic situations.
Thus, NAM has emphasized the continued relevance and its principled positions concerning international law and has stated that the purposes and principles of the UN Charter and the principles of international law are indispensable in preserving and promoting peace and security, the rule of law, economic development and social progress, and human rights for all.