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NAM reaffirms commitment to nuclear disarmament

Since its inception, the Non-Aligned Movement has been a strong advocate of global nuclear disarmament. At the Baku Summit of the Non-Aligned Movement in 2019, NAM reaffirmed that nuclear disarmament remained its highest priority. NAM stressed the importance of ensuring that efforts aimed at nuclear non-proliferation are parallel to simultaneous efforts aimed at nuclear disarmament. NAM also expressed concern at the threat to humanity posed by the continued existence of nuclear weapons and of their possible use or threat of use.

NAM has been reiterating this principled position in prominent multilateral forums. In the first week of August 2022, the Tenth Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons was held. The Nations Secretary-General António Guterres stressed that while humanity has been extraordinarily lucky so far, “luck is not a strategy”, and the Treaty on Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons is as crucial as ever.

The delegate of Azerbaijan, speaking on behalf of the Group of Non-Aligned States Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, reaffirmed nuclear disarmament as its highest priority, and expressed concern at the threat to humanity posed by the continued existence of nuclear weapons. He stressed the urgent need to negotiate and bring to a conclusion a comprehensive convention on nuclear weapons with a phased programme for the complete elimination of nuclear weapons within a specified time frame. He further expressed concern over the threat posed by military doctrines on modernization of nuclear forces, including low-yield nuclear warheads — including the latest United States Nuclear Posture Review and the United Kingdom’s Integrated Review. Pending the total elimination of nuclear weapons, he called for the early commencement of negotiations on universal, unconditional, irrevocable and legally binding security assurances to all non-nuclear-weapon States by all nuclear-weapon States, while reaffirming the inalienable right of each State to pursue the development, research, production and use of nuclear energy.

The Azerbaijan delegate, speaking on behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement, also expressed full confidence in the impartiality and professionalism of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and strongly rejected any politically motivated attempts by any State to politicize its work. Strict observance of and adherence to IAEA comprehensive safeguards and to the Non-Proliferation Treaty are conditions for any cooperation in the nuclear area with States not Parties to the Treaty. He reaffirmed the importance of nuclear-weapon-free zones in fulfilling the objectives of the Treaty, and for the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East.

The statement by NAM was endorsed by a number of NAM Member States, who also aligned their country statements either speaking on behalf of the Africa Group, the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) or the Arab Group. For example, Zambia associating itself with the African Group and the Group of the Non-Aligned States Parties to the Treaty, called on nuclear-weapon States to cease further modernization, upgrading, refurbishment, or extending the lives of their nuclear weapons and related facilities and also underscored the importance of achieving universal adherence to the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty. Ethiopia associating itself with the Non-Aligned Movement and the African Group, said the world is confronted with grave concerns in non-proliferation and disarmament due to geopolitical tensions and erosion of security arrangements. That said, Africa remains the only region with a nuclear-weapon-free zone, with the African Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone Treaty (Treaty of Pelindaba) ratified by 44 of its countries
Thailand stressed the need to transform obligations into concrete actions, to strengthen disarmament architecture and to continuously promote nuclear technology for peaceful use and called for increased support to the IAEA as the sole competent authority providing broader technical assistance in the peaceful application of nuclear technology to support national priorities.

The United Arab Emirates associating itself with the Non-Proliferation and Disarmament Initiative countries, Non-Aligned Movement and the Arab Group, said that his country now has three operational nuclear power reactors supplying clean and sustainable energy — a successful programme that testifies to the Non-Proliferation Treaty and its international cooperation framework.

Photo Credit : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuclear_disarmament#/media/File:Peace_symbol_(fixed_width).svg


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