Elimination of all forms of racism and inequalities has been one of the major objectives of the Non-Aligned Movement ever since its inception. The Movement has time and again condemned all forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance, including the platforms and activities related thereto, which constitute serious violations of human rights and fundamental freedoms as well as impede equal opportunity.
NAM emphasises and reaffirms the validity of the Durban Declaration and Programme of Action (DDPA) as it was adopted at the World Conference Against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance in 2001, as the instructive document which constitutes a solid foundation on the struggle against racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance.
DDPA emphasises the principles of equality and non-discrimination in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and encourages respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms for all without distinction of any kind such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.
DDPA affirms that racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance, where they amount to racism and racial discrimination, constitute serious violations of and obstacles to the full enjoyment of all human rights and deny the self-evident truth that all human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights, are an obstacle to friendly and peaceful relations among peoples and nations, and are among the root causes of many internal and international conflicts, including armed conflicts, and the consequent forced displacement of population.
In accordance with the DDPA, NAM recognises that national and international actions are required to combat racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance, in order to ensure the full enjoyment of all human rights, economic, social, cultural, civil and political, which are universal, indivisible, interdependent and interrelated, and to improve the living conditions of men, women and children of all nations. The Movement has also reaffirmed the significance of the principles of equal rights and self-determination of peoples and stresses that all individuals are born equal in dignity and rights, and it is the fundamental duty of States to take prompt, decisive and appropriate measures with a view to eliminating all forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance.
NAM has expressed its full support and co-operation towards the effective implementation of the DDPA in various multilateral forums. During the 37th session of the Human Rights Council held in March 2018, Venezuela speaking on behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement reaffirmed the validity and importance of the DDPA as one of the major international frameworks to combat racism and xenophobia. The statement by Venezuela condemned and expresses NAM’s serious concern at the resurgence of contemporary manifestations of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance, which constitute serious violations of human rights and fundamental freedoms.
NAM believes that there is an urgent need to address with greater resolve and political will this issue, in all spheres of life and in all parts of the world and condemns all acts of prejudices, discrimination, stereotyping, and racial, religious and sectarian profiling that represent affronts to human dignity and equality, and which should not be condoned by any means. To counter these challenges, NAM has called upon states to take effective measures consistent with their obligations under international human rights laws and respects the commitments made in the Durban Declaration.
NAM has called on developed countries, the United Nations and its specialized agencies, as well as international financial institutions, to honour the commitments contained at Section IV of the Durban Declaration and Programme of Action entitled “Provision of Effective Remedies, Recourse, Redress, and Other Measures at the National, Regional and International Levels”. The Movement firmly believes that respect for human rights and the promotion of understanding and tolerance by governments as well as between and among different groups of people are central to the promotion and protection of human rights.