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NAM expresses concern over violent extremism

Violent extremism may be defined as encouraging, condoning, justifying, or supporting the commission of a violent act to achieve political, ideological, religious, social, or economic goals.

Extremism entails a vocal or active opposition to fundamental values, including democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty, and respect and tolerance for different faiths and beliefs. Violent extremism poses a grave challenge to contemporary security and is a deterrent towards establishing a peaceful international order.

One of the founding principles of the Non-Aligned Movement is the promotion of peace and establishing a peaceful international order. As such, the Movement has recognised the threat of violent extremism and has urged Member States to unite against violent extremism in all its forms and manifestations as well as sectarian violence.

NAM has condemned the targeting of civilian populations, including women and children, in violation of international law, in particular, human rights and humanitarian law, including by violent extremists, as well as the attempts to disrupt and divert the popular quest for political reform, moderation and inclusive development in different societies and drive it away from the hard work of development towards violence. The Movement has also condemned any advocacy of national, racial or religious hatred that constitutes incitement to discrimination, hostility or violence.

In accordance with the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) Resolution 68/127 of December 2013, Non-Aligned Movement recognises that primary responsibility of each State is to ensure a peaceful and violence-free life for its people, while fully respecting their human rights without distinction of any kind, to live together in peace with its neighbours, in full respect for political independence and the principle of sovereign equality of others, and to help maintain international peace and security.

NAM has urged Member States to unite against violent extremism in all its forms and manifestations as well as sectarian violence. The Movement encourages the efforts of leaders to discuss within their communities the causes of violent extremism and discrimination and to evolve strategies to address these causes, and underlines that States, regional organizations, non-governmental organizations, religious bodies and the media have an important role to play in promoting tolerance and respect for religious and cultural diversity.

The Movement also calls upon Member States and international organizations to generate public awareness, to enlighten the public about the dangers of intolerance and sectarian violence and to react with renewed commitment and action in support of the promotion of tolerance and human rights.

NAM has further called upon Member States to ensure that any measure taken to combat violent extremism complies with their obligations under international law, in particular, international human rights, refugee and humanitarian law.

The Movement believes that counter-terrorism measures and the protection of human rights, fundamental freedoms and the rule of law are not conflicting goals, but complementary and mutually reinforcing, and are an essential part of a successful effort to counter violent extremism.

NAM has welcomed UNGA Resolution 72/241 of December 20 2017. Resolution 72/241 reaffirms the principles enshrined in the UN Charter for the promotion of world peace and calls on States to take appropriate measures to strengthen universal peace. The Resolution expresses concern over the acts of intolerance, violent extremism, violence, including sectarian violence, and terrorism in various parts of the world, which claim innocent lives, cause destruction and displace people, and rejecting the use of violence, regardless of any motivation. The Resolution recognises the need for a comprehensive approach to preventing and countering violent extremism and to addressing the conditions conducive to its spread, and encouraged by increasing awareness in this regard.

In accordance with Resolution 72/241, NAM has called for promoting community engagement in countering violent extremism, strengthening ties between communities and emphasizing their common bonds and interests.


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