“One child, one teacher, one book and one pen can change the world” – Malala
In 1955, at a conference held at Bandung, Indonesia the Non-Aligned Movement was born. The basic principles or concerns of NAM are to struggle against all forms of imperialism, to keep co-operation and close terms of friendship with all countries, disarmament and international security so on and so forth. Basically, the aim of NAM is to “shape a better world”, create an equitable world.
Although, the basic thrust of the movement is in favour of peace, disarmament and security, NAM has stressed the need of equality and development, and to realize its dream of a better world, NAM has given importance and emphasis to development of its member countries, eradication of poverty and illiteracy. The steps NAM has taken to eradicate poverty and establish equality in this world are commendable. One of the major concerns of the movement has always been upgrading the standard of living of the people of the member countries.
Non-Aligned Movement in the contemporary times has become a means to rebuild the politics of the countries that need to achieve a genuine national renaissance. The world of newly emergent countries are poverty-stricken and oppressed that long for a revolution of civilization.
After the fourth Summit in Algiers, Non-Aligned Movement unfurled a new campaign for justice and education. Non-Aligned Movement regarded education as a fundamental human right and necessary for global relations. They felt that illiteracy of people becomes one of the reasons for suffering and to attain peace in real sense, education for all should be promoted.
NAM not only recurrently urges its member states to take heed of the steps to eradicate illiteracy but has launched several programs and campaigns to do so in several of its member states. From educating the poor, marginalized, unfortunate, gifted, it has also opened doors for illiterate adults – providing a second chance at life.
The National Literacy Campaign started on April 15, 1961. On December 22, Cuban Revolutions heralded with the success news of the initial phase of National Literacy Campaign. Cuban rural illiteracy was reduced to 4% from 42%. Fidel Castro exclaimed that “This literacy campaign will give opportunities to those who were denied an education for economic and social reason….They must be helped; they must be pursued that they can study.” He also expressed his educational plans to be carried out in the fields of science and technology. Latin American and Caribbean Pedagogical University received the UNESCO award for assisting other countries in this innovative literacy method. Bolivia aims to end illiteracy by the year 2008 with the support of Cuba and Venezuela. Aymara and Quechua Indigenous people are started learning to read and write in their mother tongue language.
14th Summit of Non-Aligned Movement reported that 2.3 million people in fifteen countries, including Mexico and New-Zealand are presently under the scheme of National Literacy Campaign. Requests are coming from Gambia, Nigeria, Grenada, St Kitts and Navis for Cuba to send advisors to start the method.
The theoretical regimes of Non-Aligned Movement have materialized in the means of spreading education to post independent countries.
These efforts taken by NAM collectively and members of the collaboration in each country have started to make a difference which will showcase their potential gradually. Things have improved for better as the member nations have taken up things in their hands and have started their march to override illiteracy, hence preparing to combat the evils of the society one at a time, providing an impact on a broader scale.