In 1955, a conference was held at Bandung, Indonesia where NAM took its birth. The basic principles or concerns of NAM are to struggle against all forms of imperialism, to keep co-operation and close terms of friendship with all countries, disarmament and international security so on and so forth. Basically, the aim of NAM is to “shape a better world”, create an equitable world.
Although, the basic thrust of the movement is in favour of peace, disarmament and security, NAM has stressed the need of equality and development, and to realize its dream of a better world, NAM has given importance and emphasis to development of its member countries, eradication of poverty and illiteracy. One of the main consequences of such poverty have been the global food crisis that trouble the population at large affecting the standard of life.
The world food crisis is affecting more than 3 billion people, which is approximately half of the total population. The increasing population may seem to be the main cause for this problem. However, it is not true. Thousands of people across the globe are not getting enough nutrition to survive which is resulting in poor health condition and in some cases, death. The world food crisis is caused primarily because of unequal distribution. Enough food is available to provide at least 4.3 pounds of food per person per day world¬wide. The problem, therefore, is not of production but clearly of access and distribution.
The average calories available (2807 per person per day) exceed average requirements (2511 per person per day) worldwide. The other reasons of food shortage cited are population explosion and numerous other reasons like war, droughts, floods, earthquakes, and the like.
The steps NAM has taken to eradicate poverty and establish equality in this world are commendable. In the 1994 Cartagena summit, the member nations of NAM clearly stated that from now on, the economic development of the countries will be given topmost priority and certain steps will be taken to resolve the financial crisis of these countries.
In this regard, NAM stressed the strengthening of the “United Nation’s capacity and effectiveness in the field of development”. In the Cartegena summit, it has been stated that, although the general economic situation has recovered distinctly, in many cases, this development has benefited only a few who have accumulated unnecessary amounts of wealth and power and improper distribution of it, while unemployment, in various regions, has reached to an alarming magnitude and poverty leading to food crisis is spreading inexorably, giving rise to grim social imbalances.
The curse of hunger continues to terrorize and has dramatically increased and illiteracy continues, however, to be one of the greatest obstacles to the efforts to improve the living conditions of our peoples. Moreover, wide sectors of our societies continue to lack basic medical services, including drinking water, to satisfy their primary needs for survival.
The Non-Aligned Movement continues to strive for peace, independence, sovereign equality of the States and non-intervention in their internal affairs, which some are now trying to disregard.
At the same time will continue unflinchingly to work towards the economic and social betterment, the strengthening of democracy and the free determination of the peoples.
Non-Aligned Movement has created three committees to resolve the issue of poverty and hunger, and to strengthen the economic condition of its member countries through co-operation, Standing Ministerial Committee for Economic Cooperation, High-Level Working Group for the Restructuring of the United Nations and Working Group on Human Rights.