The Non-Aligned movement was initiated by India’s late Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru with the purpose of turning it into a platform to voice concerns of the third –world nations which were new to infrastructure and idea of Global Capitalism. Globalization is portrayed as an all inclusive system whereas it proves to be exclusionary with respect to participation. On 8th and 9th April 2000 the members of the Non –Aligned movement met in Columbia to report its development as a unified movement from 1998 to the present.
The conference took place on the eve of the new century which allowed the members to reflect on the challenges faced by the developing countries in a new era of trade and communication. The summit started with a note on solidarity and unity which are central to the redefinition of the political, economic and social changes in member nations .
The members were also addressed to acknowledge their strengths and weaknesses. This Millennium Summit was seen as central to the historic opportunity to refine the political, economic and social parameters of the international global society.
ACTIONS UNDERTAKEN BY THE CHAIR
Following the XII Summit of the Non-Aligned Movement, held in Durban, South Africa, from 2-5 September 1998, the Chair of the Movement, President Nelson R. Mandela, reported on the outcomes of the Summit in his address to the 53rd Session of the United Nations General Assembly.
In 1999, the Chair, President Thabo Mbeki, addressed the 54th Session of the United Nations General Assembly. President Mbeki also delivered the opening statement of the Annual Meeting of NAM Ministers of Foreign Affairs, which took place on 23 September 1999 in New York.
In 1998 and 1999 the Chair transmitted a statement to the meeting commemorating the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People at the United Nations in New York; which was delivered by the Chair of the Coordinating Bureau in New York, and the South African Permanent Representative in Geneva.
Pursuant to the mandate of the XII NAM Summit to enhance dialogue with developed countries, the Chair of the Movement, President Mandela, wrote to Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder of Germany, Chair of the Group of Eight Industrialized Countries, on the eve of the Cologne G8 Summit of 1999. President Mandela outlined the views of the NAM on issues of importance to developing countries, with a particular emphasis on the views and concerns of developing countries on globalisation, external debt and international trade.
The ability to implement and propagate these decisions rests on all member states. After the summit On 24th September ministries of Foreign Affairs and Heads of Delegations met to discuss the issues of importance. It issued a communiqué relating to various positions taken by member nations in the key issues highlighted above.
This meeting was also marked by endorsement in favor of Dominican Republic as a member and also saw increased co-ordination with the agencies of the United Nations for implementation of various schemes and decisions. The co-ordination bureau identified the following issues as the chief agendas for the next meeting:
the adoption of the NAM Plan of Action;
the coordination of NAM positions on issues of common concern at the United Nations;
the status of Observers and Guests in NAM working mechanisms and meetings; and
coordination between the Coordinating Bureau and the Non-Aligned Security Council Caucus.
In accordance with the mandate of the XII Summit, the Chairman of the Coordinating Bureau established a working group with the task of formulating a Plan of Action for the future of the movement. This co-coordinating Bureau approved a draft Plan of Action which included reforms in the United Nations governing bodies, called for an assessment of Human Rights in member nations and around resolutions of group disarmaments and assessed the work of various peace keeping missions.