Non-Aligned Movement has acknowledged the grave threats to security and human rights posed by terrorism and recognises that terrorist acts constitute a flagrant violation of international law, including international humanitarian and human rights law, in particular, the right to life, leading to the lack of the full enjoyment of human rights and fundamental freedoms of peoples. Such acts endanger the territorial integrity and stability of States as well as national, regional and international security, destabilise legitimately constituted governments or the prevailing constitutional order and political unity of States, affect the stability of nations and the very basis of societies, create adverse consequences on the economic and social development and cause the destruction of the physical and economic infrastructure of State. The Movement has affirmed the need to take speedy and effective measures to eliminate international terrorism.
NAM is firm in its conviction that multilateral cooperation under the UN auspices is the most effective means to combat international terrorism. As such, the Movement has called for a transparent, comprehensive and balanced implementation of the United Nations Global Counter Terrorism Strategy. The UN Global Counter Terrorism Strategy was adopted by the UN General Assembly on 8 September 2006. The Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy consists of four pillars: Addressing the conditions conducive to the spread of terrorism; Measures to prevent and combat terrorism; Measures to build states’ capacity to prevent and combat terrorism and to strengthen the role of the United Nations system in that regard; and Measures to ensure respect for human rights for all and the rule of law as the fundamental basis for the fight against terrorism.
UN Global Counter Terrorism Strategy calls on the state to take urgent action to prevent and combat terrorism in all its forms and manifestations and To consider becoming parties without delay to the existing international conventions and protocols against terrorism, and implementing them, and to make every effort to reach an agreement on and conclude a comprehensive convention on international terrorism. Through the UN Global Counter Terrorism Strategy, UN Member States have also resolved to implement all General Assembly resolutions on measures to eliminate international terrorism, and the protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism, and also to implement all Security Council resolutions related to international terrorism and to cooperate fully with the counter-terrorism subsidiary bodies of the Security Council in the fulfilment of their task.
NAM Member States have been actively supporting the UN Global Counter Terrorism Strategy. At the 17th Summit of NAM, Indian Vice President Hamid Ansari remarked that it was imperative for the Non-Aligned Movement to galvanize the international community to strengthen the international legal framework to address this menace, including by adopting the draft Comprehensive UN Convention on Terrorism, to ensure the closest cooperation amongst the international community to counter the scourge of terror. In this context, the Indian Vice President called on for ensuring that all existing structures that are the building blocks of UN’s Global Counter Terrorism Strategy function in a non-partisan and professional manner.
A number of regional groupings that comprise of NAM Member States have shown full commitment for the implementation of the UN Global Counter Terrorism Strategy. CARICOM (Caribbean Community) member States have been involved with the Caribbean Financial Action Task Force, an organization of 27 States and territories in the Caribbean Basin committed to implementing measures to prevent terrorism, to prosecute terrorists and strengthen the international capacity of States, especially small States, to effectively combat international terrorism. In a similar vein, African Union has emphasised the importance of cooperation with other delegations on the United Nations Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy and to reach consensus on the draft convention.
NAM has called for the enhanced engagement of all States in the work of the Counter-Terrorism Implementation Task Force, and support any initiatives by NAM Members States aimed at enhancing the effective implementation in a manner that would advance the principled position of the Non-Aligned Movement in fighting the scourge of terrorism.