Non-Aligned Movement has always condemned any acts of terrorism in all its forms and manifestations. The 17th NAM Summit held in 2006 Venezuela condemned all forms of incitement to terrorism, under whatever guise of justification, resulting in the loss of life and the destruction of private and public property and emphasized the need to combat the violent extremist ideology inciting terrorism irrespective of its origin.
NAM has categorically stated that acts of terrorism constitute a violation of international law. At the recent United Nations Security Council Ministerial open debate on “Measures to eliminate international terrorism”, held in October 2017 in New York, Iran’s Ambassador to the United Nations Gholam Ali Khoshroo, speaking on behalf of NAM stated: “The Non-Aligned Movement reaffirms that terrorist acts constitute a flagrant violation of international law, including international humanitarian and human rights law, in particular, the right to life, leading to the lack of the full enjoyment of human rights and fundamental freedoms of peoples. Such acts endanger the territorial integrity and stability of States as well as national, regional and international security, destabilise legitimately constituted governments or the prevailing constitutional order and political unity of States, affect the stability of nations and the very basis of societies, create adverse consequences on the economic and social development and cause the destruction of the physical and economic infrastructure of States”.
NAM has reaffirmed its support for the provisions contained in General Assembly resolution 46/51 of 9 December 1991 which unequivocally condemns, as criminal and unjustifiable, all acts, methods and practices of terrorism wherever and by whomever committed, including those which jeopardize the friendly relations among States and their security and calls upon all States to fulfil their obligations under international law to refrain from organizing, instigating, assisting or participating in terrorist acts in other States, or acquiescing in or encouraging activities within their territory directed towards the commission of such acts.
At the UNSC Ministerial debate, Mr Khusroo also reiterated the position of NAM that terrorism cannot and should not be associated with any religion, nationality, civilization or ethnic group, and these attributions should not be used to justify terrorism or counter-terrorism measures that include, inter alia, profiling of terror suspects and intrusion on individual privacy.
NAM has further urged all States, consistent with the UN Charter, to fulfil their obligations under international law and international humanitarian law in combating terrorism, including by prosecuting or, where appropriate, extraditing the perpetrators of terrorist acts; by preventing the organisation, instigation or financing of terrorist acts against other States from within or outside their territories or by organisations based in their territories; by refraining from organising, instigating, assisting, financing or participating in terrorist acts in the territories of other States; by refraining from encouraging activities within their territories directed towards the commission of such acts; by refraining from allowing the use of their territories as sanctuaries and safe havens or for planning, training or financing for such acts; or by refraining from supplying arms or other weapons that could be used for terrorist acts in other State.
Mr Khusroo, speaking on behalf of NAM also encouraged all States, which have not yet done so, to consider ratifying or acceding to the thirteen international instruments relating to combating terrorism. The Movement also called upon all States to observe and implement the provisions of all international instruments as well as regional and bilateral instruments relating to terrorism to which they are party. The Movement also reiterated its call for an International Summit Conference under the auspices of the UN to formulate a joint organised response of the international community to terrorism in all its forms and manifestations including identifying its root causes.