United Nations for South-South Cooperation (UNOSSC) is the leading agency of the United Nations to promote cooperation among the developing countries. It’s stated objectives are to promote South-South and triangular (North-South-South) cooperation, and streamline and lead global advocacy efforts to develop and strengthen these partnerships, leverage the South-South Global Assets and Technology Exchange (SS-GATE) and South-South Global Health Exchange (SS-GHX) platforms to strengthen knowledge sharing, capacity building and technical assistance between countries, adopt a multi-sectorial approach, drawing upon existing partnerships with UN Agencies, governments, civil society and other stakeholders to develop, implement, and evaluate projects that advance the vision and objectives of the Global Strategy for Women’s, Children’s and Adolescent’s Health, utilize a public-private partnership approach to optimise advocacy and strengthen the delivery of these commitments and to mobilize political, institutional, technical, and financial support globally, offering SS-GATE and SS-GHX services to Southern countries to enhance the role and potential of emerging economies.
Non-Aligned Movement has consistently called its Member States to focus on a more energetic effort to deepen and enhance South-South cooperation, including triangular cooperation, bearing in mind that such cooperation is not a substitute for, but rather a complement to, North- South cooperation. As such, Non-Aligned Movement has extended its full cooperation towards the successful realisation of the objectives of UNOSSC. The 17th NAM Summit note appreciated the UNOSSC Strategic Framework for 2014-2017, that builds on three overarching goals that aim to bring about the following impact-level change: establish An effective policy-enabling environment allows partners to support and engage in South-South and triangular cooperation as a complement to North-South cooperation; to enable the institutional mechanisms and capacities to manage, coordinate and implement South-South cooperation and triangular cooperation initiatives efficiently and effectively; and to promote innovative South-owned and multi-partner initiatives leading to the scaling up of the development impact of South-South cooperation and triangular cooperation.
NAM Member States actively engage in the working of the High-level Committee (HLC) on South-South Cooperation, which is the main subsidiary body of the UNOSSC. At the 19th Session of the HLC on South-South Cooperation held on 17 May 2016, India stated that South-South Cooperation will expand further in the years to come. India remained hopeful that through this Committee and the UN Office for South-South Cooperation, the institutional support of the United Nations will also increase commensurate with the importance and scale of South- South Cooperation.
India has been a longstanding partnership with fellow developing countries extending South-South cooperation. Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi reiterated the core ideals of South-South Cooperation while inaugurating the Third India-Africa Forum Summit in New Delhi in October 2015 and remarked that “It is a partnership beyond strategic concerns and economic benefits. Our approach is based on the same belief: that the best partnership is one that develops human capital and institutions; that equips and empowers a nation to have the freedom to make its own choices and shoulder the responsibility for its own progress”.
Another major example of South-South cooperation among NAM Member States is visible in Thailand, which has devised development assistance programmes that have gone towards scholarships, capacity development programs, and training courses in its neighbouring countries including Laos, Myanmar, Cambodia and Vietnam. Most of these development projects focus on agricultural technology, expertise, and training in fellow Southeast Asian nations such as the Philippines and Indonesia, as well as South Asian countries including Nepal, Sri Lanka and Bhutan. Thailand has also been working on community development projects with African countries since 2004 including Kenya and Nigeria. NAM has thus reaffirmed the role of South-South cooperation in the overall context of multilateralism, as a continuing process vital to confront the challenges faced by the South and as valuable contribution to development, and the need to further strengthen it, including through enhancing the capacities of the institutions and the arrangements that promote such cooperation. NAM Member States are committed to support and promote mechanisms aimed at enhancing intra/interregional trade, investment and cooperation among developing countries.